|To cite this website: Crime Scene Forensics, LLC, Matthews, NC; www.crimescene-forensics.com
© 2015 - Crime Scene Forensics, LLC - All Rights Reserved
|The Accuracy of Our Illustrations:
The "yellow line" in the illustration is the trajectory, which is taken directly from the medical document. The bullet
entered the 9th rib, through the liver, diaphragm, heart, and lungs. These elements are placed on the yellow line (bullet
trajectory). This is how we accurately position the body at the moment the bullet entered it.
There is no speculation. Through the photos and evidence, we recreate an unbiased scene of what factually occurred.
| Shooting incident reconstruction may involve many components depending on the
evidence and information that is available. Shooting incident reconstruction begins with
proper scene documentation and evidence collection. With proper documentation and
measurements, it is possible to determine bullet paths, location of shooters, location of
injured parties, and muzzle to target distances. Once the shooting event has been
reconstructed, our illustrator can represent the scene with great accuracy.
| Crime Scene Forensics, LLC provides case review for shooting incidents. From the available scene evidence and
case materials, we provide a comprehensive analysis and reconstruction of events. We will provide a full report of our
Our artist can illustrate bullet trajectories through fixed objects at the scene as well as through human anatomy. All
illustrations are based on factual evidence, scale measurements, and autopsy report.
We also provide comprehensive review of police officer involved shooting cases. These case reviews will include a
reconstruction of the actual shooting event, as well as the actions of the officer to existing law.
|All illustrations on this website were created by forensic artist Sheldon Borenstein. Any unauthorized use of these illustrations is prohibited
|The barrel of most hand guns contains what is called rifling. The rifling inside the barrel causes the bullet to rotate or spiral
when it leaves the gun, much like a perfectly thrown football spirals when it leaves a quarterback's hand.
The spiral of the bullet helps it overcome air resistance and travel farther distances on more accurate trajectories.
Trajectories may be determined by locating and properly documenting the starting point, ending point, and any
intermediates points of the bullets flight path
|Muzzle to target distances may be determined by
running tests using the firearm and associated
ammunition in question.
Gun shot residue (GSR) particles and soot may be
deposited upon a target surface depending on
environmental conditions at a particular scene.
As a general rule, GSR particle and soot are small
fragile substances and will not travel great
Soot and GSR particles are not typically found
around the defect or wound after a contact shot
At close range muzzle to target distances soot
may be present
At intermediate distances, GSR particles or
stippling may be present
At greater distances, GSR and soot are typically